Chapter 6 — Get Beyond Learning Styles
The theory that people learn best from instruction that matches their learning style is not confirmed by empirical research. But other learning differences do matter: one’s prior Psychologist Robert Sternberg tells stories of Brazilian orphans who cannot do math on paper but are whizzes at the calculations needed to run street businesses, and of expert handicappers at horse tracks who devise highly complex mathematical models for betting on horses but who measure only average on standard IQ tests. knowledge, language fluency, and determination all affect learning. People learn better if they can detect underlying rules that differentiate types of problems and apply these rules later to categorize new problems. The ability to distill key ideas from a text, organize them into a mental model, and relate the model to what one already knows is called structure building, and this skill contributes to concept learning and complex mastery.