Chapter 7 — Increase Your Abilities
Intellectual abilities are commonly thought to be set from birth by our genetic wiring, but science is finding the brain is surprisingly mutable: Effortful learning builds new Psychologist Carol Dweck shows us that kids who are praised for effort, and who understand that effort changes the brain, will try harder, take more risks, and learn more than kids who are praised for being smart and think their abilities are wired from birth. connections and mental abilities. Evidence suggests the path to expert performance may rely more on discipline and persistence than on genetic gifts. Memory athletes using mental tools for organizing large bodies of information are now performing astonishing feats of recall. In sum, our intellectual abilities are to a considerable degree ours to shape. Learners who adopt a growth mindset and show grit prove more successful in school and in their later pursuits.